Welcome to Culture, Science and Wisdom Journal (csw-journal.org).
Science (from Latin scientĭa, ‘knowledge’) is an ordered system of structured knowledge that studies, investigates and interprets natural, social and artificial phenomena. Scientific knowledge is obtained through observation and experimentation in specific fields. Such knowledge is organized and classified on the basis of explanatory principles, either in a theoretical or practical way. From these, questions and reasoning are generated, hypotheses are formulated, scientific principles and laws are deduced, and scientific models, scientific theories and knowledge systems are constructed by means of a scientific method.
Science considers and is based on experimental observation. This type of observation is organized through methods, models and theories in order to generate new knowledge. For this purpose, some criteria of truth and a method of investigation are established beforehand. The application of these methods and knowledge leads to the generation of new knowledge in the form of concrete, quantitative and verifiable predictions concerning past, present and future observations. Such predictions can often be formulated through reasoning and structured as general rules or laws, which account for the behaviour of a system and predict how that system will act in certain circumstances.
Since the scientific revolution, scientific knowledge has increased so much that scientists have become specialists and their publications have become very difficult to read for non-specialists. This has led to various efforts to popularize science, both to bring science closer to the general public and to facilitate understanding and collaboration between scientists in different fields.